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"And Mary said, "My soul magnifies the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior."

GOD'S CREATURES AND OUTCOMES

Mary

Foretold in OT Is 7:14; Mic 5:2-3
Conceived without sin Gen 3:15; Lk 1:28
A Virgin Is 7:14; Mt 1:18-25; Lk 1:27; 34
Maintained her virginityTypified in Ezek 44:2; Lk 1:34
Mother of GodIs 9:6; Mt 1:23; Lk 1:32; 35; 43; 2:11; Gal 4:4
Highly blessed Lk 1:28; 48
Was to suffer many sorrowLam 1:12; Lk 2:34-35; 48; Jn 19:25
Meditated on Jesus' words Lk 2:51
Pondered events in Jesus' life Lk 2:19
Requested Jesus' first miracleJn 2:1-12
Given to us as our mother Jn 19:25-27
Devoted herself to prayer Acts 1:14
Enoch and Elijah taken (assumed) to heaven. Gen 5:24; Heb 11:5; 2 Kings 2:1-13
Annunciation. Lk 1:28
Blessed are you among women. Lk 1:42-48


See On Bible Translations

Man

Created by God Gen 1:26-27; 2:7; Job 33:4; Ps 8:5; Eccles 12:7; Wis 2:23; 10:1; Sirach 17:1; 2Mac 7:28; Mt 19:4 Mk 10:6
Created man and woman Gen 1:27; Mt 19:4; Mk 10:6; 1Cor 11:8
In exalted state Gen 1:26; 2:8
Forfeited by sin Gen 3; Wis 2:24; Sirach 25:24; Ezek 28:12-17; Rom 5:12; 1Cor 15:21; 1Tim 2:14
Prone to temptation Rom 7:15-23; 1Cor 7:5; Eph 6:11; 1Thess 3:5; 2Tim 3:12; Jas 4:2; 1Pet 2:11; 5:8
Offends God by sin 2Sam 12:13; Ps 32:5; Is 1:2; Jer 2:29; Hos 7:13; Rom 1:18-32; 6:1; Gal 5:17; Eph 4:30; 5:3; Col 3:5
Subject to death 2Sam 14:14; Job 14:5; Wis 2:24; Sirach 25:24; Rom 5:12-14; 6:23; 1Cor 15:21-22; Heb 9:27
Raised to new dignity by Christ Rom 5:8; 8:9-11; Eph 2:6; Col 2:12; 3:1
Will be judged on merits Acts 17:31; Rom 2:6; 11; 14:10; 2Cor 5:10; 11:15 Col 3:25; Heb 11:6; 1Pet 1:17; Rev 20:13
Promised future resurrection 2Cor 4:13 -14; Phil 3:11; 1Thess 4:14; 2Tim 2:1; Jn 6:54
Heaven as reward for good Mt 5:12; Col 1:5; Heb 10:34


Soul & Immortality

Soul created by God Gen 2:7; Eccles 12:7; Is 57:16; Zech 12:1
Made in God's image Gen 1:26-27; 1Cor 11:7; Col 3:10
Distinct from body Mt 10:28; Acts 2:27; 1Thess 5:23; Heb 4:12
Soul departs body at death Gen 35:18; Eccles 12:7; Lk 12:20
Soul survives death of body Gen 35:18; 1Sam 28:19; 1 Kings 17:22; Mt 10:28; Lk 8:55
Committed to God's care at death Ps 31:5; Acts 7:59; 1Pet 4:19
Souls of just in heaven Wis 3:1; Rev 6:9; 8:3; 20:4
Soul subject to temptation 1Pet 2:11; 2 Pet 2:14
Nothing compensates for loss of soul Mt 16:26; Mk 8:36
Saving our souls Jas 1:21; 5:20; 1Pet 1:9

Children

Children are a blessing from God Ps 115:14; 127:3-5; 128:3-6; 144:17; Prov 17:6
Childlessness considered a reproach Gen 16:4; 30:1; 1 Sam 1:6; 11; Is 4:1; Lk 1:25
Children obliged to honor their parents Ex 20:12; Lev 19:3; Deut 5:16; Sirach 3:1-16; Mt 15:4; Mk 7:10; 10:19; Lk 18:20; Eph 6:2-3
Jesus obeyed his parents Lk 2:51
Children blessed by Jesus Mt 19:13; Mk 10:13; 16; Lk 18:15
To welcome a child is to welcome Jesus Mt 18:5; 10:40; 25-40; Mk 9:37; Lk 9:48
Discipline good for children Deut 8:5; Prov 3:12; 13:24; 22:15; 23:13-14; 29:15; 17; Wis 11:9-10; Sirach 30:1-3; Eph 6:4
Scandal must not be given to children Mt 18:6; Mk 9:42; Lk 17:2
Christians must be guiltless as children Ps 131:1-2; Mt 18:3; Mk 10:15; Lk 18:17; 1Jn 2:1; 12; 4:4; 5-21
- but adult in thinking1Cor 3:1-3; 13:11; Heb 5:11-14, 1Pet 2:2

Angels

Angels created by God Nehemiah 9:6; Jn 1:3; Rom 11:36; Col 1:16; 1Cor 8:6
Angels are servants of God Job 4:18; Ps 103:20
Angels are messengers sent by God Gen 24:7; Num 20:16; 1Chron 21:15; 2Chron 32:21; Dan 3:28; 6:22; Lk 1:19; 26; Acts 12:11
Called sons of God Deut 32:8; Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7; Ps 29:1; 82:1; 89:6
Called holy ones of God, Job 5:1; 15:15; Ps 89:7; Dan 4:13; 8:13
God manifests himself as Angel of the Lord Gen 16:7; 13; 18:1-33; 21:17-18; 22:11; 31:11-13, Ex 3:2,Judg 2:1; 6:11-24; 13:21-22
Names of three angels Raphael: Tobit 3:16-17; 5:4; 12:11-15; Gabriel: Dan 8:16; 9:21; Lk 1:19; 26; Michael: Dan 10:13; 21; 12:1; Jude 9; Rev 12:7
Angels are ministering spirits Ps 91:11; Dan 7:10; Mt 4:11; Mk 1:13; Lk 22:43; Heb 1:14
Guardian angels Tobit 12:12; Mt 18:10; Acts 12:11; 15
Angels gather elect at Christ's return Mt 24:31; Mk 13:27; 1Cor 15:52
Angels will accompany Christ at his parousiaParousia Mt 16:27; 25:31; Mk 8:38; 1Thess 4:16
Man made a little lower than angels Gen 1:26; 28; 3:5; Ps 8:5-6; Wis 2:23; Sirach 17:1-14

Satan & Devils

Devils are fallen angels Is 14:12; Lk 10:18; Jude 6; Rev 12:7-9
Caused man to fall Gen 3; 1Kings 22:19-23; Job 1:6 ff; Wis 2:24; Zech 3:1-2
Permitted to tempt man 1Kings 22:22; Job 1:12; Mt 4:1; Mk 1:13; Lk 4:2; Jn 13:2; Acts 5:3; 1Cor 7:5; 2Cor 2:11
Can appear as angel of light 2Cor 11:14; Rev 2:2; 16:14
Can take possession of our bodies Mt 8:28; 9:32; 12:43-45; 15:22; Mk 5:1-13; 9:14; Lk 4:33; 8:2; 11:24-26; Acts 8:7
Can be exorcised by God's power Mt 8:29; 9:33; 10:1; Mk 1:25-26; 6:7; 13; Lk 8:2; 9:1; Acts 5:16; Mk 9:38; 16:17; Lk 9:49; Acts 10:38; Jas 2:19
Some exorcised only by prayer and fasting Mt 17:21; Mk 9:29
Can tempt us away from God Eph 4:27-6:11; 1Tim 5:15; Jas 4:7
Called the god of this world Jn 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; 2Cor 4:4; Eph 2:2; 6:12; 1Jn 5:19
Goes around like a roaring lion Ps 22:13; 1Pet 5:8
Power broken by Christ's sacrifice Mt 12:28; Lk 8:31; 10:17; Jn 3:35; 12:31; Eph 6:11; Col 1:13; 1Jn 3:8; Rev 12:11
Devils afraid of Gospel Mt 8:29; Jas 2:19
Is loosed during millennium Rev 20:7
Will suffer eternal torment Mt 25:41; Rev 14:10-11; 19:20; 20:10

Sin

"Certain new theologians dispute original sin, which is the only part of Christian theology which can really be proved. Some… in their almost to fastidious spirituality, admit divine sinlessness, which they cannot see even in their dreams. But they essentially deny human sin, which they can see in the street." G. K. Chesterton
Sin is rebellion against God Num 15:30; Deut 32:5; 2Sam 12:9; Job 35:6; Is 1:2; 48:8; Bar 4:8
Sin is failure to attain God's glory Rom 3:23; (Cf ) Rom 5:2
Sin alienates us from God Rom 1:18-32; Eph 4:18; Col 1:21; 1Pet 1:18
Sin makes us slave of sin Jn 8:34; Rom 6:16-19; 2Pet 2:19
Sin is cause of death Gen 3:17-19; Wis 1:12; 2:24; Sirach 25:24; Rom 5:12; 6:11; 1Cor 15:21
Sin is from devil Jn 8:44; Acts 13:10; 1Jn 3:8-10
Degrees of sin Mortal sin vs. Venial Sin) 1Jn 5:16-17
The unforgivable sin blasphemyBlaspemy against the spirit. (Attributing God's work to Satan.) Mt 12:31-32; Lk 12:10
Sins that exclude us from God's kingdom 1Cor 6:9-10; Gal 5:19-21; Eph 5:3-5; Col 3:5-10; Heb 13:4-5; Rev 21:8-9; 27
God desires sinner's return Is 49:14-16; Jer 3:12; 31:20; Ezek 18:23; 33:11; Lk 15:20-24; 32; 18:13; 19:10; Jn 8:11; Rom 11:32; 2Pet 3:9
Only God can forgive sin Mk 2:7; Lk 5:21
Christ forgives sins Mt 9:2-6; Mk 2:10; Lk 5:24; 7:48; Jn 5:14
Delegated power to forgive to apostles Jn 20:23; 2Cor 5:18


Thomas Aquinas on Mary's state of grace

"I answer that, God so prepares and endows those, whom He chooses for some particular office, that they are rendered capable of fulfilling it, according to 2 Cor. 3:6: '(Who) has made us fit ministers of the New Testament.' Now the Blessed Virgin was chosen by God to be His Mother. Therefore there can be no doubt that God, by His grace, made her worthy of that office, according to the words spoken to her by the angel (Lk. 1:30,31): 'Thou has found grace with God: behold thou shall conceive,' etc. But she would not have been worthy to be the Mother of God, if she had ever sinned. First, because the honor of the parents reflects on the child, according to Prov. 17:6: 'The glory of children are their fathers': and consequently, on the other hand, the Mother's shame would have reflected on her Son. Secondly, because of the singular affinity between her and Christ, who took flesh from her: and it is written (2 Cor. 6:15): 'What concord has Christ with Belial?' Thirdly, because of the singular manner in which the Son of God, who is the 'Divine Wisdom' (1 Cor. 1:24) dwelt in her, not only in her soul but in her womb. And it is written (Wis. 1:4): 'Wisdom will not enter into a malicious soul, nor dwell in a body subject to sins.'

"We must therefore confess simply that the Blessed Virgin committed no actual sin, neither mortal nor venial; so that what is written (Cant 4:7) is fulfilled: 'Thou art all fair, O my love, and there is not a spot in thee,' etc. " (Summa Theologiae III:27:4)


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