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"The effect of grace is to make us freely do [God's] will." Thomas Merton

GOD'S REMEDIES

Grace

Grace is a free gift of God Ps 84:11; Zech 12:10; Jn 1:16; 3:27; Rom 3:24; 4:2-5; 16; 5:15-17; 9:14-18; 11:6; 1Cor 4:7; 1Pet 5:10
Grace is given through Jesus Jn 1:17; Rom 1:5; Gal 1:6; Eph 2:7; 1Tim 1:14; 2Tim 1:9
Jesus is grace of God Mt 21:37; Jn 3:16-17; Rom 3:24; 2Cor 8:9; Gal 4:4; Tit 2:11; Heb 2:11
God's grace is inexhaustible Rom 5:17; 2Cor 4:15; 9:8; Eph 1:7; 2:7; 1Tim 1:14
Riches come from throne of grace Eph 3:12; Heb 4:16
Grace makes us strong in faith Acts 4:33; 6:8; 14:3; 20:32; Rom 1:11; 16:25; 1Cor 1:7-8; 2Thess 2:16-17; 3:3
Grace needed to spread the faith Acts 18:27; Rom 1:5
Grace prepares us for eternal life Rom 5:2; 6:23; Tit 1:2; 1Pet 1:13
God gives grace to the humble Prov 3:34; Jas 4:6; 1Pet 5:5
Grace demands a response 1Cor 15:10; 2Cor 11:23; Eph 2:10; Phil 2:12-13
By grace we grow in knowledge of Christ 2Pet 3:18
Mary is full of grace Lk 1:28; 42
Grace more plentiful than sin Rom 5:15; 20; 6:1; 2Cor 12:9
Grace can be lost Heb 12:15; Jude 4
Grace and peace wished in greetings Rom 1:7; 1Cor 1:3; 2Cor 1:2; Gal 1:3; Eph 1:2; Phil 1:2; Col 1:2; 1Thess 1:1; 2Thess 1:2; Philem 3; 1Tim 1:2; 2Tim 1:2; Tit 1:4; Heb 13:25

The Church

"How can we say that the Church wishes to bring us back into the dark ages? The church was the only thing that ever brought us out of them." G. K. Chesterton
Foretold in OT Tobit 13:11-18; Is 2:2-3; Bar 5:3; Hos 2:14-24; Mic 4:1-3
Called Church of God 1Tim 3:15
Founded by Christ Mt 16:18; 28:19; Mk 16:15; 1Cor 3:11; Eph 2:20; 1Pet 2:4-6
Is Body of Christ Rom 12:4; 1Cor 12:12; Eph 1:22-23; 5:22; Col 1:18
Christ is head of Church Eph 1:22; 5:23; Col 1:18
Purchased by Christ's blood Acts 20:28; Eph 5:25; Heb 9:12
Is everlasting Mt 16:18; 28:20
Is visible Mt 5:14; Mk 4:30-32; Eph 2:19-22
Is infallible Mt 16:18; 28:20; Mk 16:16; Lk 10:16; 1Tim 3:15
Authority of Church Mt 16:18-19; 18:18; Jn 20:23
Members to be holy 1Cor 1:2; Col 3:12
Growth of Church Acts 2:41; 2:47; 5:14; 6:7; 11:24
Christ is cornerstone Ps 118:22; Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:17; Acts 4:11; Eph 2:20; 1Pet 2:4; 7
Built on apostles 1Cor 3:10; Eph 2:20; Rev 21:14
Good and bad members Mt 13:41-48; 22:10
Doctrine, community, sacred rite (bread) Acts 2:42
Christ loved the ChurchEph 5:25-26
Church is pillar/foundation of truth 1 Tim 3:15
Unbroken successionActs 1:15-26; 2 Tim 2:2; Tit 1:5
Christ protects ChurchMt 16:18; 20:20
Presbyters/elders (priests) were ordained, preached and taught the flock, administered sacraments Acts 15:6;23; 1 Tim 4:14; 5:22; 1 Tim 5:17; Jas 5:13-15; Rom 15:16

Communion of Saints

Unity of all Christians Jn 15:5; Rom 12:4; 1Cor 6:12-20; 10:17; 12:4-27; Eph 2:19; 5:30; Col 1:18; 24; 2:19; 3:15
Praying for each otherJer 15:1; Acts 12:5; Rom 15:30; 2Cor 13:7; Eph 6:18; Col 4:3 1Thess 5:25; 2Thess 3:1; Heb 13:18; Jas 5:16
Intercession of saintsTobit 12:12; 2Mac 15:14; Rev 5:8; 8:4
We are surrounded by saints Heb 12:1
Saints now in heaven1Thess 3:13; Heb 11:40; 12:23; 1Pet 3:19; Rev 6:9
Miracles through relics Acts 5:15; 19:11-12
All called to be saintsEph 1:4-6; 12; 14

Baptism

"Then the catechumens are brought by us to where there is water, and they are reborn into the same manner in which we ourselves were reborn." -- Justin Martyr (before 165 AD)
Foreshadowed in OT Ezek 36:25; 1Pet 3:20-21
John's baptism preparatory Mk 1:4; 8; Acts 1:5; 11:16; 19:4
Administered by disciplesJn 4:2
In Christ's nameActs 2:38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5; Rev 14:1; 22:4
In name of TrinityMt 28:19
For all mankindMt 28:19; Mk 16:15-16; Lk 24:47; Acts 2:38
Baptized into Christ1Cor 12:13; Gal 3:27
Baptized into Christ's deathRom 6:3
Baptized to new lifeRom 6:4; Tit 3:5
With water and Holy SpiritJn 3:5; Eph 5:26; Tit 3:5
Only one baptismEph 4:5
Necessity of baptismMk 16:16; Jn 3:5
For our redemption1Jn 5:6
For sanctified1Cor 6:11; Eph 5:26
For justification1Cor 6:11
Our assurance of resurrectionRom 6:3-5; 1Cor 15:29
A free gift of GodTit 3:5
Forgives sin1 Peter 3:21; Acts 2:38; 22:16

Confirmation

Anointing. The symbolism of anointing with oil also signifies the Holy Spirit, to the point of becoming a synonym for the Holy Spirit. In Christian initiation, anointing is the sacramental sign of Confirmation, called "chrismation" in the Churches of the East. Its full force can be grasped only in relation to the primary anointing accomplished by the Holy Spirit, that of Jesus. Christ (in Hebrew "messiah") means the one "anointed" by God's Spirit. -- The Catechism of the Catholic Church
Is indwelling of Holy Spirit Jn 14:17; Acts 2:4; 10:44
Promised by ChristJn 14:16; 26; 15:26
Conferred by imposition of hands Acts 8:17; 19:6
Distinct from baptismActs 8:15
Received before baptismActs 10:44
Received after baptismActs 2:38; 8:14-17; 19:5-6

Reconciliation (Confession & Penance)

God forgives sin Mk 2:7; Lk 5:21
Christ has power to forgive sin Mt 9:6; Mk 2:10; Lk 5:24; Col 3:13
Confession instituted by Christ Jn 20:22-23
Forgiveness is through Christ 2Cor 2:10
Is for reconciliation with Christ 2Cor 5:18
Reconciliation is from ChristRom 5:11; Col 1:20; Heb 1:3
Power is delegated by Christ Jn 20:23; 2Cor 5:18
Degrees of sin (mortal or venial?) 1Jn 5:16
Penance reconciles the sinner to the community of believers 2 Cor 2:5-8
"If you forgive sins ... they are forgiven." Jn 20:22-23
Binding on earth and heaven. Mt 18:18
Ministry of reconciliation. 2 Cor 5:18
Forgiveness of sins, anointing of the sick, confession. Jas 5:14-16

The Blessed Eucharist

"The most ferocious opponent of the Christian ceremonials must admit that if Catholicism had not instituted the bread and wine, somebody else would most probably have done so." G. K. Chesterton

Also see Eucharist in the Early Church
Called the Lord's Supper 1Cor 11:20
Called the Agape (Love-Feast)Jude 12
Called the Breaking of BreadActs 2:42
Promised by ChristJn 6:27-59
Instituted by ChristMt 26:26-29; Mk 14:22; Lk 22:15-20; 1Cor 11:23-25
Christ actually present inMt 26:26; Mk 14:22; Lk 22:19; Jn 6:35; 41; 51-58; 1Cor 11:27-29
Commemoration of CalvaryMt 26:28; Lk 22:19-20; 1Cor 10:16; 11:25-26
Uniting us to ChristActs 2:42; Rom 12:5; 1Cor 10:17
May receive the consecrated species of bread or wine only Lk 24:30; Jn 6:51; 57-58; Acts 20:7; 1Cor 10:17; 11:27
Source of divine lifeJn 6:27; 33; 50; 51; 58; 1Cor 11:30
Jesus is Bread of LifeJn 6:35; 41; 48; 51
This is my body this is my blood Mt 26:26-27; Mk 14:22;24; Lk 22:19-20; 1 Cor 10:24-25
Serious consequences of sinning against the body and blood 1 Cor 11:26-30
Long discourse on EucharistJn 6:32-58

Sacrament of the Sick

Is anyone among you sick? He should summon the presbyters of the church, and they should pray over him and anoint (him) with oil in the name of the Lord, and the prayer of faith will save the sick person, and the Lord will raise him up. If he has committed any sins, he will be forgiven. - James 5:14
Oil used in anointing of sick Mk 6:13; Jas 5:14
Received with prayer of faithJas 5:15
In the name of the LordJas 5:14
Also forgives sinsJas 5:15
Restores person to healthMk 6:13; Jas 5:15

Holy Orders

Duties and functions of OT priests Deut 33:7-11
Melchizedek priesthood superior to Aaronic priesthood Heb 7:1-17; 8:1-13
Melchizedek a type of ChristPs 110:4; Heb 5:6; 10; 6:20
Perfect priesthood of ChristHeb 3:1-4; 7:27; 8:4-6; 9:12-14; 25; 10:5
Calling of apostlesMt 10:1; 16:16-19; Lk 6:13; 22:32; Jn 21:15-17
Consecration of apostlesJn 20:22
Sending of apostlesMt 28:19; Mk 16:15; Lk 24:47; Jn 20:21
Transmission of priesthood1Tim 4:14; 5:22; 2Tim 1:6; Tit 1:5
Functions of priestsMal 1:11; Mt 28:19; Jn 20:23; 1Cor 11:24; Jas 5:14
Degrees of authority1Cor 12:28; Eph 4:11; 1Thess 5:12; Jas 3:1
Priesthood of believersEph 2:19-20; 1Pet 2:5; 9
Pray for priestly vocationsMt 9:37-38; Lk 10:2
Priesthood in New Testament times Rom 15:16
Also see On Bible Translations

Marriage

Ordained by God Gen 1:28; 2:18; Tobit 8:5-7; Mt 19:6
Marriage likened to Christ and his Church Eph 5:21-23
Two in one fleshGen 2:23-24; Mt 19:3-6; Eph 5:31
Couples to respect each other1Cor 7:4; Eph 5:21-25; 33; Col 3:18-19
Union is holy1Cor 7:13-14; Eph 5:25-26
For procreation of childrenGen 1:28
Continence good for short periods 1Cor 7:1-5
Children a blessing from GodGen 24:60; 30:1-3; Ps 127:3; 1Sam 1:6; Lk 1:25
Divorce not permittedMt 5:32; 19:9; Mk 10:2-12; Lk 16:18; 1Cor 7:10
Death dissolves marriageRom 7:2; 1Cor 7:39
Celibacy a higher callingMt 19:12; 1Cor 7:8, 25, 38

Annulment or Divorce?

One of the most common misunderstandings about Catholic teaching is the difference between an annulment and a divorce. Often people say an annulment is just a Catholic divorce -- nothing could be further from the truth. To Catholics there is no divorce (ref Mt 5:32; 19:9, Mk 10:2-12, Lk 16:18, 1Cor 7:10). An annulment is a statement by the Church that a sacramental marriage has never taken place.

Take for example someone who is forced into a marriage. The Church would say that is not a Christian marriage. Civil law is exactly the same. A shotgun wedding is not a Christian marriage.

For Christians there are other reasons for granting an annulment. The Church has always taught that a marriage should be open to children. If a couple gets married but has no plans for children, then the Church might rule that marriage is not sacramental and is in fact null. (Be careful not to read this to mean you must have children to have a valid marriage -- you must only be open to children.)

An annulment is a statement by the Church that a sacramental marriage did not occur. A divorce is a statement by a civil authority that a marriage is dissolved.


Holy Scriptures

Scriptures inspired by God Acts 1:16; Rom 1:2; 2Tim 3:16; 1Pet 1:10; 2 Pet 1:21
Called the Word of God1Thess 2:13; Heb 4 12
Called a two-edged swordPs 149:6; Heb 4:12; Rev 1:16
Some things hard to understand2Pet 3:16
Have need of an interpreterActs 8:30-31; 2Pet 3:16
Purpose and uses of Holy Scriptures Rom 15-4; 16:26; 1Cor 10:11; 2Tim 3:15-17
No Scripture subject to private interpretation 2 Pet 1:20-21
Learned from childhoodDeut 6:7; 11:19; 31:12-13; 2Tim 3:15
Blessed for believing the Word of God Lk 11:28; Rev 22:7

Apostles

Apostles are those who are sent Mt 28:19; Mk 6:7; 16:15; Lk 24:47; Jn 4:38; 17:18; 20:21
Called by ChristMt 10:2-4; Mk 3:13-19; Lk 6:12-16; Acts 1:13
Holy Spirit poured out on apostles Acts 1:8; 2:3-4
Apostles are witnesses to Christ Lk 24:48; Jn 15:27; Acts 1:8; 21-22; 2:32; 3:15; 4:33; 5:32; 10:39; 13:31; 22:15
Apostles shall judge the worldMt 19:28; Lk 22:30; 1Cor 6:2; Rev 20:4
Church built on apostlesMt 16:18; Eph 2:20; Rev 21:14
Primacy given to PeterMt 16:18; Lk 22:31-32; Jn 1:42; 21:15-17
Paul called to be an apostleActs 9:15; Rom 1:1; 1Cor 9:1; 15:8-10; 2Cor 5:20; Gal 1:15; 17
Paul apostle of GentilesActs 9:15; 22:15; Rom 11:13; Gal 2:8; 1Tim 2:7
Functions of apostlesActs 2:42; 4:35; 6:2; 15:6; 1Cor 3:9; 4:1; 11:23; 15:1;

2Cor 5:20; 6:1

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